This article first appeared in my Matrix of Creation website in 2012 which was attacked, though an image had been made. Some of this material appeared in my Lords of Time book.

photo For Wikipedia by Mirabella.

* Gavrinis *and

*are very similar monuments, both in the*

**Tables des Marchands****orientation of their passageways**and their

**identical latitude**.

*Gavrinis*is about

**3900 metres**east of

*Tables des Marchands*but, unlike the latter, has a Breton name based upon the root

**GVR**(gower). Both passageways directly express the difference between the winter solsticeThe extreme points of sunrise and sunset in the year. In midwinter the sun is to the south of the celestial equator (the reverse in the southern hemisphere) and in midsummer the sun is north of that equator, which is above the geographical Equator). sunrise and the lunar maximum moonrise to the South, by designing the passages to allow these luminaries to enter at the

**exact day**of the winter solstice or

**the most southerly moonrise**over many lunar orbits, during the moon’s maximum standstill. Thus both the monuments

**allow the maximum moon along their passageway**whilst the

**winter solstice sunrise**

**can only glance**into their end chambers.

From Howard Crowhurst’s work on multiple squares, we know that this difference in angle is that between a **3-4-5The side lengths of the “first” Pythagorean triangle, special because the side lengths are successive small primes and, at Carnac, defined the solsticial extremes of the sun. triangle** and the **diagonal of a square** which is achieved directly by the **diagonal of a seven square rectangle**.

The best available plan for Gavrinis is that made by the AAK before the monument was taken apart and rebuilt by archaeologists. Some time back I managed to introduce a scale by comparison with another plan and estimate the length of the passage and chamber is close to 14 metres. Figure 2 below shows how I had placed 14 squares along and 2 across the AAK plan (vol.2) and to this has now been added the path of the sun and the moon along with a seven squares rectangle where the sun is its diagonal.

One notices that **the left hand passage wall hugs the Moon** for the first third and then the moon travels to the centre of the chamber’s end wall – around the junction between the two stones 45 and 46. Then it is **the Sun’s arrow that hugs the left wall thereafter**, all the way into the end chamber, having **only just entered past the right doorjamb** of the entrance. It seems true therefore that the **distinctive serpentine form of the passageway is defined by the passage of light** from either sun or moon at their extremes to the south, and the width of the entrance. The right hand wall of the passage seems to then be defined by the requirement to maintain a **reasonably constant width** of at least a metre, for human access and the display of engraved stones. The point where the sun and moon would cross is marked by the singular **quartz stone** numbered as **seventh from the entrance doorjamb** and apparently **signifying the full moon**.

The designers appear to have used metres since **14 metres speaks of the sevenfold square** within the design. However, **3/4 of a metre is the day-inch count for a lunar month** and 14 metres times 4/3 gives the number of lunar months as 56/3 or 18 and 2/3rds which is close to **the number 18.618** which defines the lunar nodal cycle. The hypothesis therefore emerges that **this passageway and chamber embody a significant day-inch count** and the location of the first and second thresholds (seuils) appear to mark the day-inch count for the eclipse yearthe time taken (346.62 days) for the sun to again sit on the same lunar node, which is when an eclipse can happen. of 364.6 days and half this, an eclipse season of 173.3 days. The quartz stone (number 7) lies **six metres** from the entrance and this would be **eight lunar months** from the entrance, the quartz signifying a full moon at the crossing of solar and lunar light.

The total intended length can then be corrected to being **29.53 times 18.618 day inches long**, or about 13.96 metres. This length would represent:

**the number of days for the moon’s nodes to move retrograde by the same distance (on the eclipticThe path of the Sun through the sky along which eclipses of sun and moon can occur, traditionally divided into the 365¼ parts of the solar year, each part then a DAY in angle rather than time.) as is travelled by the sun in one lunar month of 29.53 days.**

This is because t**he lunar nodes move 1/18.618 of the apparent movement of the sun**. The nodes will **always** take 18.618 times longer than the sun, **over ANY period of time**. The length of time represented at *Gavrinis* turns the moon’s nodal periodUsually referring to the backwards motion of the lunar orbit's nodes over 6800 days (18.618 years), leading to eclipse cycles like the Saros. into a recapitulation of the solar yearFrom Earth: the time in which the sun moves once around the Zodiac, now known to be caused by the orbital period of the Earth around the Sun. in that 12.368 Gavrinis lengths will add up to one complete nodal period of 18.618 years (6800 days). By measuring (somehow) the angular motion of the moon’s nodes and equating it to the lunar month, **a long length of time has been created in day-inches that is 18.618 units long**, each unit being 3/4 metre (29.53 day-inches). This measurement was **possible to make** and **large enough to be accurate** with regards to the difference between 18.666, 18.6 and 18.62.

I would suggest that by embedding such a specific “symbolism” within Gavrinis, **something of true significance** was preserved: that at some stage **an actual measurement of the lunar nodes was made over the same angular distance travelled by the sun in one lunar month**. This gave the speed of the lunar nodes relative to the sun and identified the correct length for one complete nodal cycle of 18.618 years – since **it is that exact ratio of nodal to solar motion which manifests as the nodal period’s length in years**.

*To conclude, I offer an edited version of a 2004 DuVersity.com tour visit to Gavrinis, filmed on DV by Anthony Blake and hosted by Howard Crowhurst. This film preceeded the film of Locmariaquer. We arrived in the nick of time to catch a feery to Gavrinis Island in a time when official tours were having lunch. We had a massive hamper made but had little time to eventually have a picnic near the pier. This is significantly reduced in length and introduced some of the questions about Gavrinis that can take years to digest.*

*Metrological note: the length of Gavrinis, at 14 metres, can be seen in terms of the AAK Pior π: The constant ratio of a circle's circumference to its diameter, approximately equal to 3.14159, in ancient times approximated by rational approximations such as 22/7. cubit3/2 feet of any sort, such as 12/7 {1.714285}, 1.5 Royal feet of 8/7 feet, but sometimes a double foot, such as the Assyrian {9/10} of 1.8 feet. of 84 cm. This gives the length as 14/0.84 = 50/3 = 16 and two thirds Pi cubits. The Pi cubit is virtually identical to the vara of 33This is the number of years for an exact number of 12053 days. This period can be measured using the equinoctal sun and it has come to be known as the lifetime of semi-divine Solar Heroes such as Jesus and Mithras. This period relates geometrically to the 18.618 years of the moon's nodal period. inches so that there is an equation (29.53 day-inches =) 3/4 metre, times 18.618 equals 33 inches, times 16.3. The former gives more scope for interpretation than the latter. One can recognise that many such metrological equations, between units, could have been familiar within the specialists of that time but also, that some we might find were perhaps not known to them.*

It seems mean **to deny the builders a high level of astronomical meaning** when they have been organising *Gavrinis* around the solar and lunar extremes with great accuracy. In conclusion:

The megalithic astronomers needed a metrologyThe application of units of length to problems of measurement, design, comparison or calculation. with which to build at all and, since they had developed it through day-inch countingThe practice of counting the days, using inches or other small units, between synodic phenomena such as years or planetary loops. (using a standard inch) then, when monuments were constructed, they were not only **a means to an astronomical observation**, but also **a lasting monument forming an astronomical record** for a pre-literate but technically accomplished civilization.