This paper* concerns itself with a unique fired-clay disk, found by Luigi Pernier in 1908 within the Minoan “palace” of Phaistos (aka Faistos), on the Greek island of Crete. Called the Phaistos Disk, its purpose or meaning has been interpreted many times, largely seen as either (a) a double-sided text in the repeated form of a spiral and outer circle written using an unknown pictographic language stamped in the clay or (b) as an astronomical device, record or handy reference. We provide a calendric interpretation based on the simplest lunar calendars known to apply in Minoan times, finding the Disk to be (a) an elegant solution to predicting repeated eclipses within the The dominant eclipse period of 223 lunar months after which a near identical lunar or solar eclipse will occur. period and (b) an observation that the Greek: The continuous 19 year recurrence of the moon's phase and location amongst the stars. is just one lunar year longer, and true to the context of the Minoan culture of that period.
*First Published on 26 May 2017
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