Design of the Taj Mahal: its Façade

The Taj Mahal is one of the most recognizable buildings on earth. It was built by a Moghul king as a memorial for his dead queen and for love itself. The Mughals became famous for their architecture and the Persian notion of the sacred garden though their roots were in Central Asia just north of Persia.

I had been working on Angkor Wat, for my soon to be released book: Sacred Geometry in Ancient Goddess Cultures, where the dominant form of its three inner boundary walls (surrounding the inner sanctum) were in the rectangular ratio of outer walls of six to five. A little later I came across a BBC program about the Mughals and construction of the Taj by a late Moghul ruler, indicating how this style almost certainly arose due the Central Asian influences and amongst these the Samanids and the Kwajaghan (meaning “Masters of Wisdom”). I had also been working on the facades of two major Gothic Cathedrals (see post), and when the dimensions of the façade of the Taj Mahal was established, it too had dimensions six to five. An online pdf document decoding the Taj Mahal, established the likely unit of measure as the Gaz of 8/3 feet (a step of 2.5 feet of 16/15 English feet; the Persepolitan root foot *(see below: John Neal. 2017. 81-82 ). Here, the façade is 84 by 70 gaz.

Figure 1 The apparent structure within the facade of Taj Mahal as based upon the 6 by 5 rectangle with perimeter 22.

A very significant feature of the six by five rectangle is that its perimeter is 2 times 11 (or 22) and in the Taj Mahal, 14 gaz times 22 equals 308 gaz as perimeter of the façade. Since π (or “pi”) was often taken to be 22/7, an equal perimeter of circle would require a radius 7 to be 22 in circumference or, in gaz, a radius of 49 gaz, again giving 308 gaz (821 + 1/3rd  feet).

With Angkor Wat, this feature of a circle and 6 by 5 rectangle (Ancient Goddess Cultures, chapter 9: The Vedas in Southeast Asia) could be exploited to count time around the walkways of the rectangular walls, just as if time was flowing around a circle but now more conveniently.

In the case of the Taj Mahal, the architecture is taking us on a symbolic journey. One can see how the central façade can “explain” the two further rectangles extending to the towers left and right, and another 6 by 5 rectangle rising to the pinnacle boss of the onion dome synonymous with Mughal architecture. But the basic form of equal perimeter involves a circle diameter 11 whose out-square equals 44, if π equals 22/7. The circle of equal perimeter to the square is then a diameter of 14 since 14 x 22/7 = 44. The circle shown here is obviously intended to be the outer circle of equal perimeter, for which there must be a circle of 11 whose out-square is 44. Seven gaz times 11 equals 77 and this indeed gives the out-square (of EP) as 308. The inner circle (see below) can then be seen to be the size of the onion dome.

figure 2 The Taj Mahal’s implementation of the equal perimeter model adapted to the 6 by 5 perimeter instead of the square.

The equal perimeter geometry is, when magnified by 720, a model of the Earth and Moon in miles and, in Sacred Geometry: Language of the Angels (*pages 41-44 then Chapter 3: Measurements of the Earth ) , it was shown time and again that domed monuments were pictures of the Earth within a strong but hidden tradition. There also seems to be a correlation between the moon circle’s size (of 42 gaz) and the windows of the octagonal outer building surrounding the tomb itself, and also the two visible cupolas. In order to draw the two circles, it was necessary to draw the two diagonals of the rectangle and this gives a central point in the façade as being the upper central window, a phenomenon quite clear in Chartres (post # 3) where the diagonals of its 3 by 4 façade locate the center of the circular rose window.

The elevation of the Earth and Moon above the equal perimeter façade is surely of sublime design to celebrate love and resurrection, in the form of the onion dome as the elevated soul. The octagon design takes its inspiration from the Persian cosmology of Islam and beliefs concerning the afterlife though it may share influences with the Chinese Hall of Light via the Silk Road..

Bibliography of Ancient Metrology

  1. Berriman, A. E. Historical Metrology. London: J. M. Dent and Sons, 1953.
  2. Heath, Robin, and John Michell. Lost Science of Measuring the Earth: Discovering the Sacred Geometry of the Ancients. Kempton, Ill.: Adventures Unlimited Press, 2006. Reprint edition of The Measure of Albion.
  3. Heath, Richard. Sacred Geometry: Language of the Angels. Vermont: Inner Traditions 2022.
  4. Michell, John. Ancient Metrology. Bristol, England: Pentacle Press, 1981.
  5. Neal, John. All Done with Mirrors. London: Secret Academy, 2000.
  6. —-. Ancient Metrology. Vol. 1, A Numerical Code—Metrological Continuity in Neolithic, Bronze, and Iron Age Europe. Glastonbury, England: Squeeze, 2016 – read 1.6 Pi and the World.
  7. —-. Ancient Metrology. Vol. 2, The Geographic Correlation—Arabian, Egyptian, and Chinese Metrology. Glastonbury, England: Squeeze, 2017.
  8. —-. Ancient Metrology, Vol. 3, The Worldwide Diffusion – Ancient Egyptian, and American Metrology.  The Squeeze Press: 2024.
  9. Petri, W. M. Flinders. Inductive Metrology. 1877. Reprint, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2013.

The Moon is Key to our Survival

With the advent of many orbital missions, the Moon is threatened with orbital and other changes due to space travel.

The modern theory of relativity has joined the worlds of space and time, now called spacetime. As beings we live in space while moving through time, and both these are assumed to be neutral dimensions having mere extension. However, spacetime is distorted by the massive gravitational objects found in solar systems, these exerting an attractive force on all objects including ourselves. As humans, we are therefore locked onto the surface of the earth by gravity, viewing a solar system of eight orbiting planets seen in the sky from the surface of the third planet from the sun. The earth has an unusually large moon which has fallen into resonance with the planets, a resonance then belonging to time.

The Moon was formed 4 to 5 billion years ago and this affected the Earth’s geology, stabilized its tilt (giving stability to the seasons) and providing tidal reaches on coasts. But apart from such direct physical changes to the earth, the moon has now developed resonances with the solar system, especially its outer giant planets, and this has given time on earth a highly specific resonant environment, based upon the lunar month and year of 12 lunar months. This resonant network appears to be numerical when counting days, months and years, in between significant events in the sky.

The structure of time is numerical because of these resonances between the moon, the sun and the planets. This resonance came to be known by previous civilizations and was thought meaningful in explaining how the world was created. Time was deemed spiritual because its organisation allowed human beings to understand the purpose of life and of the earth through the structure of time. In particular, the moon was a key to unlocking the time world as a link to a higher or spiritual world, a literal sky heaven organised according to numbers.

The significance of numbers to the creation, and the purpose of the world we live in, allows us to understand why Gurdjieff defined a mesoteric (middle) stage of human development as where “one could calculate anything” whilst, at the esoteric stage, one could see the truth directly. Having studied the structure of time I am drawn to conclude that, as things stand, humanity is about to destroy the time world based upon the Moon, established to give humans knowledge of the higher worlds.

This destruction of our moon will come through a restless desire to conquer space and, inevitably, disturb the orbit of the moon and its resonance with the planetary system and our own planet. This somewhat reckless journey began in the 16th century when the earth centred cosmology was discarded for a solar centred picture as being more factually true. Science was then developed to conquer the physics and chemistry of the universe in which the earth was a tiny and insignificant part. Religious systems were reframed as arbitrary works of imagination because they were rooted in the earth centred cosmology of time that was no longer understood. After the Renaissance and Reformation, the Enlightenment brought in a humanistic view in which there were no spiritual worlds but had just been concocted in the absence of science.

For this reason, the moon is now an object that can be used as a convenient stepping stone for the exploitation of the planets. There are plans to mine the moon, expel its dust to shade the earth, allow used spacecraft to crash upon its surface and to develop or assert property rights and national sovereignties. This will inevitably interfere with its orbit – in ignorance of the moon’s significant resonances, which synchronize humanity to the spiritual world, within time. The significance of time is felt through synchronicity and resonance. Like a clock, there are events where things are possible through being in the right place at the right time, as when the hands of a watch point to numbers that correspond to a real event. Cosmic time is then not a set of random events because, in time, every part is connected to the greater reality. The massive objects of the planetary system, as a Whole, order events upon the earth as “similarities to the already arisen”: this Gurdjieff’s affirmation, that it was the large Moon that enabled Life to evolve upon the surface of the planet and for human beings to evolve beyond it, without space travel.

Numbers and Mathematical Constants also pervades the Earth environment as space.
pi as 22/7 seems to have been a key to the relative sizes of the earth and moon as being 11:3. This is the basis of equal perimeter model, of square and outer circle, used widely within sacred spaces such as the Pantheon, Hagia Sophia, Sanchi, Great Pyramid, Westminster Abbey coronation pavement, the Kaaba and Dome of the Rock, St Peter’s basilica, Angkor Wat, Orthodox basilicas,
as illustrated in my latest books: Sacred Geometry: Language of the Angels and (just released) Sacred Geometry in Ancient Goddess Cultures.

Harmony of the Biblical Patriarchs

This extract from The Harmonic Origins of the World (p58-62) shows how what are taken to be arbitrary numbers, in the narrative of the Patriarchs, expressed knowledge of planetary resonances.

above: Diagram of the Bible code of “holy mountains”: Products of the powers of five upwards and of the powers of three across, each mountain within a limiting number if note D is {60, 120, 45, 180, 720} .

Female archetype Eve, “mother of all living,” becomes Abram’s wife Sarai. Childless, Abram was encouraged (by Sarai) to have first son Ishmael by concubine Hagar, but the Lord God (the mountain god whose number sums to 345) renames Sarai as Sarah and Abram as Abraham. At a miraculous 90 years of age she gives birth to Isaac (“he laughs”), then reportedly dies at 180 years old. It is harmonically relevant that (a) the giving of heh = 5 to both Sarah and Abraham elevates them from their former selves onto the second row, “stepping up” like the god Ea in Sumeria, and that (b) Adam’s number 45 has now been doubled to 90 and can form an octaval womb in which Isaac can be born, his life to then end at the doubling of Sarah’s 90 years to 180 years.

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The Geocentric Orbit of Venus

It is helpful to visually complete the movement of Venus over her synodic period (of 1.6 years) seen by an observer on the Earth.

figure 3.13 (left) of Sacred Goddess in Ancient Goddess Cultures
version 3 (c) 2024 Richard Heath

In the heliocentric world view all planets orbit the sun, yet we view them from the Earth and so, until the 16th century astronomy had a different world view where the planets either orbited the sun (in the inner solar system) which like the outer planets orbited the earth, this view called geocentric. The discovery of gravity confirmed the heliocentric view but the geocentric view is still that seen from the Earth.

The geocentric was then assumed to be wholly superseded, but there are many aspects of it that appear to have given our ancestors their various religious views and, I believe, the megalithic monuments express most clearly a form of astronomy based upon numbers rather than on laws, numbers embedded in the structure of Time seen from the Earth, and hence showing the geocentric view had more to it than the medieval view discarded by modern science.

Venus was once considered one part of the triple goddess and the picture above shows her complete circuit both in the heavens and in front of and behind the sun. The shape of this forms two horns, firstly in the West at evening after sunset. Then she rushes in front of the sun to reemerge in the East to form a symmetrical other horn after which she travels behind the sun to eventually re-emerge in the West in a circuit lasting 1.6 years of 365 days, more precisely in 583.92 days – her synodic period.

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