The Geocentric Orbit of Venus

It is helpful to visually complete the movement of Venus over her synodic period (of 1.6 years) seen by an observer on the Earth.

figure 3.13 (left) of Sacred Goddess in Ancient Goddess Cultures
version 3 (c) 2024 Richard Heath

In the heliocentric world view all planets orbit the sun, yet we view them from the Earth and so, until the 16th century astronomy had a different world view where the planets either orbited the sun (in the inner solar system) which like the outer planets orbited the earth, this view called geocentric. The discovery of gravity confirmed the heliocentric view but the geocentric view is still that seen from the Earth.

The geocentric was then assumed to be wholly superseded, but there are many aspects of it that appear to have given our ancestors their various religious views and, I believe, the megalithic monuments express most clearly a form of astronomy based upon numbers rather than on laws, numbers embedded in the structure of Time seen from the Earth, and hence showing the geocentric view had more to it than the medieval view discarded by modern science.

Venus was once considered one part of the triple goddess and the picture above shows her complete circuit both in the heavens and in front of and behind the sun. The shape of this forms two horns, firstly in the West at evening after sunset. Then she rushes in front of the sun to reemerge in the East to form a symmetrical other horn after which she travels behind the sun to eventually re-emerge in the West in a circuit lasting 1.6 years of 365 days, more precisely in 583.92 days – her synodic period.

In my latest book, Sacred Geometry in Ancient Goddess Cultures, the young goddess of our Venus/Aphrodite is most clear in the matriarchal civilization of the Minoans, centered on the Greek island of Crete between 2000 and 1300 BCE. The famous “horns of consecration” resemble the horns of Venus in the sky, then used to bracket the rising sun and moon, on the horizon, from sanctuaries on mountain peaks or east facing “palaces”.

figure 5.5 of Sacred Geometry in Ancient Goddess Cultures (left rhyton of Kato Zagros, (center, detail of tripartite shrine and courtyard featuring three altars (c) Olaf Tausch, (right) the likely appearance of the whole sanctuary on a gold ring.

The extremes of the sun at Solstices and its mean, directly east at Equinox are three locations and the minimum and maximum moon, to north and south add up to seven locations seen in adjacent horns within sun or moon will rise at those key moments over a solar year and over the moon’s nodal period of 18.618 solar years. In the book the inter-palace distance between Knossos and Malia is found to be, in miles, the 18.618 years taken for the lunar nodes to traverse the Ecliptic